Guimarães Embroidery from Portugal

Guimarães Embroidery, which heralds from Northern Portugal, is a decorative form of needlework with a dimensional quality to it. It is known in Portugal as Bordado de Guimarães and there are historical references to the embroidery of this region dating back to as early as the 10th Century AD.

Traditionally, embroidery was a female occupation and girls would learn from older women in their families how to embroider. Not only were practical skills passed on, but also lessons were learned whilst sitting working with a needle and thread. The young girls worked on the trousseaus and lovingly embroidered a special shirt to be worn by her groom on their wedding day.

Guimarães Embroidery has evolved into a variety of styles and forms since the late 1700’s. Some of the styles are:

  1. Colour embroidery, mostly using black, red, white and blue individually or any combination of these colours.
  2. All-white embroidery, also known as Guimarães

Traditional Portuguese embroideryGuimarães Embroidery is a rich treasure of embroidery stitches some of which are:

  1. Bullion Stitch
  2. Back Stitch
  • Lazy Daisy Stitch and some of its variations
  1. Satin Stitch and some of its variations
  2. Feather Stitch
  3. French Knots
  • Chain Stitch
  • Blanket Stitch eyelets
  1. Bouclé Stitch
  2. Whipped Stem Stitch
  3. Straight Stitch

The Bullion Stitch seems to be the favoured stitch in many articles of Guimarães Embroidery.

The embroidery is most commonly done on an even weave linen fabric, but other fabrics are also decorated in this style of embroidery.

As with Cross Stitch, Guimarães Embroidery can be done with the counted thread method. Another way is a more freestyle type of embroidery, which would generally be used for embroidering flowers.

Guimarães Embroidery was a very lucrative business for women in Portugal for many years. At the beginning of the 1800’s it became a very popular embroidery style for decorating the fabric of the empire style dresses of Europe which were fashionable in Europe at the time.

Guimarães Embroidery is still used for decorating clothing in Portugal as well as decorative designs on soft furnishings in the home.

In 2010, Guimarães Embroidery was given a protected status in Portugal which requires individuals to attend courses and receive certification to be able to advertise their embroidery as true Guimarães Embroidery.

Get Ahead with Adobe Creative Cloud

Creative Cloud is software from Adobe that allows users to access other software that is developed by Adobe. This is beneficial for people providing services like photography, graphic design and web development. These applications can be downloaded directly from the internet and installed on your computer.

To enjoy the many services offered by Creative Cloud, a monthly or annual subscription fee is payable. This payment is made online. The benefits that come with this software is plentiful. Let’s look at a few of them:

  • It allows you to access Adobe Touch apps.
    If you are using Adobe CC, you can access the Adobe Touch apps for free! These apps include Proto, Collage, Kuler, Debut as well as Photoshop Touch. Whenever you activate any three of these apps from Google play or Apple App store, your subscription is extended by a month.
  • You can access software beyond the Master Collection.
    As a subscriber, you will be able to use other software that is not initially included in the Master Collection. This software includes Adobe Muse, a program that is used for web design, and Adobe Photoshop Light Room, used to manipulate photos.
  • It allows adobe to update your software.
    The subscription model allows adobe to add any new features in the market to your software. This allows you to access the newest software tools available. Is there anything more convenient?
  • It enables you to access the largest and newest toolset in the market.
    We are living in a world where designers need to be able offer services online, not just on paper. The Adobe Creative Suite Master Collection allows you to do this. All you have to do is download the apps on your computer and install them.
    Start with a Creative Cloud download and let the others follow. You can be the best designer out there!
  • It allows you to host files.
    Every Adobe CC subscription comes with a whopping 20 GB of file storage, giving you the opportunity to work together with co-workers and clients on various creative files. This certainly simplifies and streamlines workflow and processes, saving time.

If you want to start using Adobe Creative Cloud, but have absolutely no idea where to begin, you can always find an Adobe Reseller to assist you.

Most people have already moved on to the digital world and life is so much better and simpler as a result. Don’t be one of the few that have been left behind? Start using Adobe CC and experience what they have been experiencing.

Industrial Conveyor Belts: Power Transmission Belting

Power transmission belting systems form the backbone of nearly every industrial process. Assembly lines are driven by mechanical propulsion systems and they are the most common method for mass production of products, from automobiles to consumer goods. Liquids are moved in chemical processes by pumps that make gasoline, diesel, heating oil, and plastics and specialty chemicals.


In the home, compressors can be found in the back of every refrigerator to run the refrigeration cycle that keeps our food fresh and in the air conditioners that cool our homes. Commercial appliances, farm equipment, and business equipment generally use industrial power transmission belting systems to run businesses and make our lives easier.

Power transmission systems break down into sub-systems, motors, drive systems, and bearings. In this article, we will examine each sub-system and analyze the choices and applications available for industry.

Conveyors are actually equipment pieces that allow transporting all sorts of materials from one place to another. The way they are used greatly vary depending on the product type that is to be transported, the actual location and the distance.

There are currently two main types of conveyors available in production: those handling units of material and those handing materials in bulk. The most popular type known to man is the belt conveyor, which is basically an endless belt that is made of various fabrics or a substance covered by fabric. An example of this would be the Belting Edge Positive Drive Monolithic Belting. The belt ring moves between the various pulleys having support at several point right along the circumference of the actual belt. When it comes to what belt conveyors can carry, they can carry quite a lot of different materials that are either fine powders or ore sized boulders. The speed at which all this is transported varies greatly based on the processing equipment and the product needs to be carried.

The next type is the chain conveyor which includes 5 main types: the apron conveyor (also called slat conveyor), the sliding chain type, the heavyweight plates, the push bar ones and the twin chain types.

Another type is the vibration conveyor which is supported by various hinges and springs that are actually linked using a drive system. You can find some of these that are able to constantly move items without a pause, such as the cleated types that are on an inclined or a horizontal plane. There is a lot more to conveyor belting than what falls into the scope of this article. You can learn more from Belting Edge, suppliers of conveyor belts.

The conveyor belts are mostly used to join, sort, identify, separate as well as mix various products to be transported to their new locations. When it comes to sorting, it can be done by the product shape, size, weight, static charge and a number of other properties that are relevant to their transportation. Such belts are also used in medical application or in food industry.

Buying or Selling Property in Mitchells Plain the Easy Way

Buying and selling property in Mitchells Plain is a lot simpler than it used to be. Most of the groundwork can be done online, so there’s no need to waste time and petrol visiting estate agencies that aren’t appealing to you.

selling your home

When it comes to buying a new home, or selling your home, it’s best to find an estate agent that is local to where the property is located. Local estate agents, like those at will be familiar with the area and the areas surrounding the property, so they’ll be knowledgeable in terms of important information regarding the property for sale. They’ll be able to tell you if the neighbourhood is safe, how close you are to schools, shopping malls, parks and other amenities. More importantly, they’ll be realistic when it comes to the price of the property.

To search for a local estate agency in Mitchells Plain, go online and perform a search by typing “estate agents in Mitchells Plain” in the search bar. This should bring up most of the estate agencies in Mitchells Plain.

If you wish to buy a Mitchells Plain property, view the property listings on each of the property websites that come up and if you see any houses that you’re interested in, contact the agency to set up an appointment to view.

If you’re selling your home, go into each estate agency website listing to familiarize yourself with the way they advertise the houses for sale. Are the photos of the advertised houses flattering? Do they give good descriptions of the houses they’re selling? Do they have reviews from clients that they’ve assisted? What do these clients say about the services they’ve received? Which estate agent’s name comes up most when it comes to happy clients? This is also a good time to have a look at the selling prices of houses similar to yours, that are located in the same area, so that you’ll know what a reasonable price will be for your home.

Once you have viewed this information, you should be able to have a few agents from various estate agencies picked out. Use this list to set up meetings with the estate agents. Ask the agents meet with you at your house. That way they can let you know how much your home is worth at the meeting.

From this point, you’ll have two options. Either you can choose to sell your home on a sole mandate, meaning you’ll need to choose one agent to sell your home for you, or you can choose to sell your home on an open mandate, meaning you can pick a few of your favourite estate agents to sell your home for you. For some pointers on preparing your home for sale, watch the video.

Strand Web Design Companies: What Are The Goals of Web Design?

marketingWeb design may involve a lot of work, but its main goal is fairly simple: To create a website that looks professional, trendy and is easy to use. This is something any reliable web design company in Strand should be able to offer you.

In order to understand this goal, you will first need to consider how most people in the Strand (or any area for that matter) behave on the internet. If they can’t find what they’re looking for, they will move on to other websites or consult the search engines for additional options. After all, there are literally thousands of other options to choose from, so if your website is not designed to impress its audience, it’s unlikely to get a lot of traffic. You may even want to make use of a SEO professional in Cape Town to assist with getting your website to rank on page 1 of Google while you’re at it. But again, there is no point in getting traffic to your site if your site is not compelling enough to convert that traffic.

Consider the last time you were searching for a website that featured a specific topic. How many websites did you look at before you settled on the one you like? Did you leave a site because it looked ugly or outdated? Did you bother to read the contents of cluttered or unprofessional looking sites? These are the kinds of questions that web design companies in Strand, Overberg think about all the time.

It may seem trivial, but the behaviour of people on the internet is one of the critical components of web design. The truth is that a website that cannot impress its audience will not succeed, and most website designers know this, which is why they always develop their sites to have certain qualities.

First of all, a site must appear simple. Sites that that have too much information and data are more likely to confuse their users than impress them. This is why sites have to be well organized, with every piece of information placed in a predictable format. A good example of this is Wikipedia. Although Wikipedia has a lot of information, it manages to organize all of its content into a neat and simple format that’s easy to understand, and this is one of the reasons behind the site’s success. Even a small site should adhere to this. Consider this site: While it is a small site with few pages, it is well structured, easy to navigate and clearly states its point.

Another quality that a website needs is style. It needs to be trendy, new and most of all impressive. Remember that people look at dozens if not hundreds of sites per day, so they subconsciously compare all of the various sites that they see on the internet with each other. What this means is that sites that seem below average are often ignored simply because they don’t look as impressive as the trendier sites. Strand Web Design Agencies know this, which is why they often spend a lot of time on this aspect.

Finally, a website needs to be user-friendly. A website needs to have tools that a child could understand, and all of its content must work as advertised. Consider, for example, a website that doesn’t have any instructions. These kinds of websites often drive away their audience because of this omission. Another good example of this is sites that look as though they have been created for specialists and technicians. Sites like these give the impression that they are not meant for laypersons, which causes most of their traffic to leave. A reputable web design company in Strand will understand these concerns, and use this knowledge to create more effective websites.

Occasions that Call for Florists

Whether you’ve been the giver or the recipient of a beautiful bouquet of flowers, it’s likely that you’ve experienced an occasion where a florist was used.

fabulous gifts and flowers onlineWhen it comes to Mother’s Day, Valentine’s Day, your loved-ones’ birthdays and other occasions that call for you to give the flowers in person, buying flowers from a local florist is best, because you’ll get value for your money.

Having a local florist is great, because you can pop in on your way home from work and have a bouquet made up of fabulous flowers you’ve chosen to give to your wife when you get home. If you buy flowers from your florist often enough, he or she will get to know your tastes and putting together the perfect bouquet will be a quick exercise.

Many florists are also wedding florists and will be able to take care of your wedding flowers on your wedding day. If you’re lucky enough to have built a good relationship with your local florist and he or she specializes in wedding flowers too, you’ll have the ideal wedding florist, because he or she will know exactly what you like. Chances are that your florist will have a portfolio of wedding flowers that he or she has done, so you can see what he or she is capable of.

If you don’t have a relationship with a local wedding florist, ask friends and family for recommendations. You can also search for a wedding florist online or follow our recommendation here: fabulous flowers – weddings. The advantage of these websites is there will be photos of weddings and reviews from previous clients, so you’ll be able to see if the clients were happy with them, whether you like their style and get some ideas for your wedding flowers at the same time.

Then there are those occasions, like birthdays, parents’ anniversaries, newborn babies, promotions, get-well-soon, condolences where you can have your flowers delivered to the recipient. You can either use your local florist for this, or you can look for an online florist, such as on the internet. Make sure the online florist delivers to the area where the recipient lives. From there, you can choose from the flower arrangements, online gifts and hampers they have on offer, add a few words for the card that will accompany the flowers and pay for them using your credit card. If you choose to buy flowers online, it’s important to follow the online safety guidelines as you would if you were buying anything else online.

There are many occasions that call for flowers from a florist. The trick, however is knowing which flowers are appropriate for each one and knowing when to have the flowers delivered and when to give them to the recipient in person.

How Volunteering in South Africa Will Make Your Resume Stand Out from the Rest

Volunteering in South Africa will give you the opportunity to spend an extended period of time in a new country while learning about new cultures, languages and needs. Best of all, it can also make your significantly more marketable in the professional arena. Companies are eager to hire ambitious, industrious individuals who aren’t afraid to take risks and who are willing to loyally devote themselves to positive causes. Following are ways that volunteering abroad can make your resume stand out.

Through volunteering abroad, in places such as Cape Town, South Africa, you’ll be showing prospective employers that you have the ability to work outside of your comfort zone. Companies don’t just want to see that you can do your job well, they want to know whether or not you’re capable of maintaining your focus and practicing your skills in challenging and non-traditional environments. With experience from volunteering Africa on your resume, you’ll appear far more flexible, versatile and seasoned than your peers.

A willingness to work for free or for relatively nominal stipends shows companies that you enjoy what you do. This also shows a much higher level of commitment than workers who are constantly flitting from company to company in search of higher pay. This level of loyalty to your profession is something that is highly valued among employers. It indicates that you’ll remain committed to your position for reasons that extend beyond salary and benefits and that you’ll come with the inherent joy and dedication that only a person who loves his or her job can bring.

Another major benefit that you can gain by volunteering South Africa is the ability to dramatically enhance your communication skills. This is especially true if your volunteer work requires you to become bilingual or bi-literate. Even if you are volunteering, you’ll still have to learn the nuances of the local language, overcome the challenges of accents and deal with other communications issues. This will make you a better listener, a better speaker and a better writer. People who have spent time working abroad, whether for pay or in volunteer positions are often adept at speaking their thoughts and opinions clearly, listening actively and writing in a way that appeals to a broad and diverse audience.

People who choose to volunteer Cape Town, South Africa often have the benefit of experience and are invested in personal growth. These experiences are inherently rewarding and they also lend quite a bit of prospective. By living and working with people outside of your own comfort zone, you can become more cognizant and appreciative of the opportunities and benefits that you have. This also fosters a far greater willingness to capitalize on the advantages that are available to you. Your experiences outside of your country will give you the brevity that you need for exhibiting optimal work ethic and a much higher level of gratitude.

There are countless ways to make your professional resume stand out. None of these however, are as effective as South Africa. With this experience, not only will you attract more attention from prospective employers, but you’ll also have the invaluable ability to adapt your professional skills to the needs of any environment that you choose to work in.

How Secretarial Courses Benefit Individuals and Businesses

Receptionists in businessSecretaries are crucial for the smooth running of any business. People aspiring to enter into the attractive field should take secretarial courses.

Whether working for an organization or a single boss, secretaries are indispensable. They should demonstrate professionalism when carrying out their clerical and administrative duties. Secretarial duties vary, ranging from office management to the coordination of junior staff. Aspiring secretaries should enroll for secretarial courses in their fields of interest. Most of these courses are offered in the certificate or diploma level, although associate degrees in secretarial studies are also popular. Students can choose to study in a traditional classroom setting, via accredited distance learning or online.

Professional secretary courses cover office skills, business text processing, minute taking skills, administrative assistance and business communication to mention just a few. These courses equip students with the skills required to handle duties in the office, project management, communication and organizational skills. Advanced courses, offer training on giving support to senior managers and executives. Other training may be specific to certain areas of work.

A high school diploma and computer literacy may be sufficient to land you a secretarial job. Most employers offer on-the-job training to advance secretarial skills. However, individuals with secretarial training have higher job prospects than untrained individuals. Practicing secretaries should seek certification after gaining the required work experience.

While requirements for entry into a secretarial career are low, advancing in the field is highly beneficial. Enrolling for secretarial studies offers the individuals a great opportunity to develop. The comprehensive training offered provides updated secretarial skills. Graduates can comfortably work with sophisticated computer programs unlike untrained individuals. Additionally, secretaries have to conduct research on the internet which requires some degree of competency.

Secretaries today perform some duties previously reserved for individuals in managerial positions. On the other hand, some secretarial duties require specialized training. Secretaries in the medical sector assist physicians while those in legal firms must assist in preparing legal briefs.

As a secretary, you’ll learn so many aspects of the niche you’re in. There are so many career possibilities that could stem from being a secretary and accredited courses to suit any career path you may choose. Secretaries who take advanced secretarial studies improve their chances of occupying these specialized positions. Such jobs have a higher pay than normal secretarial jobs.

Attaining a secretarial certificate not only benefits the individual but also the organization they work for. Effectively trained secretaries execute their duties in good time and offer quality work. They can perform the roles of other staff thus cutting on employee costs. Trained secretaries have better interpersonal skills and build a more efficient and motivated team. On the other hand, poorly trained secretaries cost more to the management than well trained secretaries.

Training can no longer be compromised in today’s competitive job market. Certification in your one’s job niche highly raises individuals’ job prospects. Employers must seek to employ only people with valuable training so that they do not become a liability to the organization. Enroll for secretarial courses today for an opportunity to work in the wide secretarial career.

ArchersBusiness marketing is a marketing practice of individuals or organizations (including commercial businesses, governments and institutions). It allows them to sell products or services to other companies or organizations that resell them, use them in their products or services or use them to support their works.